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'Eid prayer is Sunnah Muakkadah, it was established on the first year of the Islaamic calendar, Hijrah. The Prophet regularly observed 'Eid and recommended that men, women, and children go out for its prayer and celebration.
Before we proceed, it will be appropriate to mention our calendar, Al-Hijrah, which is based on the lunar system. There are twelve months in the system. They are:
|1. Muharram||5. Jumaadal Awwal||9. Ramadaan|
|2. Safar||6. Jumaadath Thaanee||10. Shawwaal|
|3. Rabee'ul Awwal||7. Rajab||11. Dhul Qi'adah|
|4. Rabee'uth Thaanee||8. Sha'abaan||12. Dhul Hijjah|
There are two 'Eid Festivities in Al-Islaam: 'Eidul Fitr, the festival of Fast Breaking, and 'Eidul Adhaa, the Festival of Sacrifice.
The first 'Eid falls on the first of the tenth month, Shawwaal, soon after the fasting of the ninth month, Ramadaan. The second 'Eid is celebrated in the twelfth month, Dhul Hijjah, during the courses of Hajj pilgrimage, observed in Mecca, Mina, Muzdalifah and 'Arafaat.
There are certain Sunnahs to be observed on the day of 'Eid.
|Allaahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar||Allah is Greatest, Allah is Greatest,|
|Allaahu Akbar laa ilaaha||Allah is Greatest, Allah is Greatest,|
|illallaah, Allaahu Allaahu wa||there is no deity but Allah, praise be|
|lillaahil hamd, Allaahu Akbar||to Allah, Allah is Greatest, the|
|Kabeera wal hamdilillaahi||Powerful and abundant praises are|
|katheera wasubhaanallaahi||due to Allah, and Glory be to Allah|
|bukratan Wa aseela||early in the morning and in the|
|Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahuu||There is no deity but Allah one and|
|sadaqa wa'adahu wa nasara||only, He fulfilled His promise|
|'abdahu wa a'azza jundahu wa||helped His servant, strengthened His|
|hajamal ahzaaba wahdah||forces, and alone routed out the clans.|
|Laa ilaaha illah walaa na-||There is no deity but Allah, Him|
|'abudu illa iyyaahu mukhlis-||alone we worship offering Him sin|
|eena la huddeen walau karihal||cere devotion even if the disbeliever|
|Allaahumma salli 'alaa sayyidi-||O Allah, evoke Your blessings on|
|naa Muhammad wa 'alaa aali||Prophet Muhammad, the family of|
|say yidina Muhammad wa'alaa||Prophet Muhammad, the companions|
|ashaabi sayyidanaa Muhammad||of Prophet Muhammad, the helpers|
|wa 'alaa ansaari say yidinaa||of Prophet Muhammad, the wives of|
|Muhammad wa 'alaa ajwaaj||Prophet Muhammad, and the de-|
|sayyidianaa Muhammad||scendants of Prophet Muhammad,|
|wa'alaa dhuriyyati sayyidinaa||O Allah, do send abundant peace on|
|Muhammad wa sallam||the Prophet.|
Salaatul 'Eid is two raka'aats. It is Sunnah to make "Allaahu Akbar," seven times in the first raka'ah and five times in the second raka'ah, not including the Takbeer of Qiyaam. The hands should be raised with every takbeer.
The procedures of Salaatul 'Eid are the same as for the morning prayer, Subh, except that it has no Iqaasnah or Adhaan. This prayer is followed by a Khutbah in which the speaker may discuss issues of concern to the Muslim Ummah in the light of Al-Quran and Hadeeth.
Allah the Almighty in His mercy on the Muslim Ummah, has appointed for us, in a year, two 'Eid festivities: 'Eidul Fitr and 'Eidul Adhaa. On these days, and succeeding two or three days, we celebrate happily and merrily. Gifts are exchanged among the Muslims. Parents buy new clothes and other gifts for their children. This is important for Muslims in non-Islaamic countries, where the need for letting their children feel the bounties of 'Eid is great because of the effect Christmas and other non-Muslim festivities can have on the Muslim children.
Lawful enjoyment and decent merrymaking and sports are allowed on the days of 'Eid. Among the games related from the Prophet are track racing, wrestling, and horse back riding. Other modern sports, such as football, baseball, etc., are permissible, provided that in all these sports Qimaar, gambling or betting, is not involved.
Pleasant singing and clean music that is free from profanity and sexual exploitation, unlike the majority of modern music and entertainment outlets, may Allah forbid, is allowed.
The gathering and all other events organized for the festivities should be separate for men and women, for we are warned against mixing, touching, and hugging between men and women who are not related to each other, for instance, if they are not husbands, wives, daughters, sisters and brothers. In Hadeeth, the Prophet has been reported as saying:
"It is better for anyone of you to be stabbed on his head with a metal needle than to touch a woman that is not lawful for him." (Tabraanee/Baihakee)
The event should not preoccupy the participants so that they forget ahout a religious obligation, such as neglecting 'Asr or Maghrib prayer. Allah Almighty says:
"So woe to the worshipers, who are neglectful of their prayers." (Al- Quran, 107:4-5)
The word neglectful has been explained to mean, among other things, delaying the prayer till its time passes away.
It is Sunnah to exchange greetings among the Muslims on the day of celebration, the following expressions might be used:
|Taqabbalallaahu mina wa||May Allah accept from us and from|
|'Eidun Mubaarak.||May Allah bless your 'Eid.|
|A'aadahullaahu 'alaina wa||May Allah return it to us and to you.|
|Kullu 'aamin wa antum||I/we pray that you are fine every year.|
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