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Footnotes (26)

375 Mundhiri said, "taghannnaa does mean to recite in a pleasant voice; Sufyaan bin 'Uyainah and others took the the view that it is to do with istighnaa (i.e. letting the Qur'aan make one dispense with worldly pleasures), but this is rejected."

376 Bukhaari, Muslim, Tahaawi & Ibn Mandah in Tawheed (81/1).

377 The scholars have said that musical instruments here means a beautiful voice and that the family of Daawood refers to Daawood himself; the family of so-and-so can be specifically for so-and-so only; Daawood ('alaihis salaam) had an extremely beautiful voice. This is mentioned by Nawawi in his commentary on Saheeh Muslim.

378 'Abdur Razzaaq in al-Amaali (2/44/1), Bukhaari, Muslim, Ibn Nasr and Haakim.

379 Abu Daawood, Ibn Hibbaan, Tabaraani, Ibn 'Asaakir (2/296/2) & Diyaa' in al-Mukhtaarah with a saheeh isnaad.

380 Ar. tafl: to blow with a minimum amount of saliva - Nihaayah.

381 Muslim & Ahmad. Nawawi (rahimahullaah) says, "This hadeeth contains a recommendation to seek refuge from the devil when he tempts, along with spitting to the left three times."

382 Abu Daawood & Haakim, who declared it saheeh & Dhahabi agreed.

383 Bukhaari & Muslim. This raising of the hands is reported as mutawaatir from him (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), as is the raising of the hands on straightening up after rukoo'. It is the madhhab of the three Imaams Maalik, Shaafi'i and Ahmad, and of the majority of scholars of hadeeth and fiqh. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullaah) practised it right up to his death, as reported by Ibn 'Asaakir (15/78/2). Some of the Hanafis chose to do it, among them 'Isaam bin Yusuf Abu 'Asamah al-Balkhi (d. 210), a student of Imaam Abu Yusuf (rahimahullaah), as has been explained in the Introduction. 'Abdullaah bin Ahmad reported from his father in his Masaa'il (p. 60), "It is related from 'Uqbah bin 'Aamir that he said about a man raising his hands during prayer, 'He earns ten good deeds for each such movement'." This is supported by the hadeeth qudsi, "... he who intends a good deed and then does it, Allaah writes it down with Himself as from ten to seven hundred good deeds", transmitted by Bukhaari & Muslim. See Saheeh at- Targheeb, no. 16.

384 ibid.

385 ibid.

386 Abu Daawood & Nasaa'i. Haakim declared it saheeh & Dhahabi agreed.

387 Bukhaari & Abu Daawood.

388 Bukhaari & Muslim.

389 Bukhaari & Abu Daawood.

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