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Footnotes (16)

225 Ibn Maajah with a saheeh isnaad. It is given in Irwaa' (506)

226 Muslim, Abu 'Awaanah & Siraaj.

227 Bukhaari in his article, Ahmad & Siraaj with a hasan isnaad.

228 Maalik & Bukhaari in Af'aal al-'Ibaad with a saheeh isnaad.

* NB The view of the validity of recitation behind the imaam in quiet but not loud prayers was taken by Imaam Shaafi'i initially, and by Muhammad the student of Abu Haneefah in a narration from him which was preferred by Shaikh 'Ali al-Qaari and other shaikhs of the madhhab; it was also the position of, among others, the Imaams Zuhri, Maalik, Ibn al-Mubaarak, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, several of the muhadditheen, and it is the preference of Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah.

229 Tirmidhi & Ibn Maajah with a saheeh isnaad. Transmitted also by Aajuri in Aadaab Haml al-Qur'aan. As for the hadeeth, "He who recites behind the imaam, his mouth is filled with fire", it is fabricated (mawdoo') and this is explained in Silsilat al-ahaadeeth al-da'eefah (no. 569) - see Appendix 5.

230 Bukhaari in Juz' al-Qiraa'ah & Abu Daawood with a saheeh isnaad.

231 Bukhaari , Muslim, Nasaa'i, & Daarimi; the additional wordings are reported by the latter two, and prove that this hadeeth cannot justify that the imaam does not say aameen, as reported from Maalik; hence, Ibn Hajar says in Fath al-Baari, "It clearly shows that the imaam says aameen." Ibn 'Abdul Barr says in Tamheed (7/13), "It is the view of the majority of the Muslims, including Maalik as the people of Madeenah report from him, for it is authentic from Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) through the ahaadeeth of Abu Hurairah (i.e. this one) and that of Waa'il ibn Hujr (i.e. the previous one)."

232 Muslim & Abu 'Awaanah.

233 Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad, Ibn Maajah, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ahmad & Siraaj with two saheeh isnaads.

*NB The aameen of the congregation behind the imaam should be done loudly and simultaneously with the imaam, not before him as the majority of worshippers do, nor after him. This is what I finally find most convincing, as I have explained in some of my works, among them Silsilat al-ahaadeeth ad-da'eefah (no. 952, vol. 2) which has been printed and published by the grace of Allaah, and Saheeh at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (1/205). See Appendix 6.

234 Ahmad with a saheeh isnaad; the other hadeeth was transmitted by Ibn Abi Dawood in al-Masaahif (4/14/2). This and other similar hadeeths contain permission for infants to enter the mosque. As for the hadeeth on many lips: "Keep your small children away from your mosques...", it is da'eef and cannot be used for proof at all; among those who have declared it da'eef are Ibn al-Jawzi, Mundhiri, Haitami, Ibn Hajar al- Asqalaani and Boosayri. 'Abdul Haqq al-Ishbeeli said, "It is baseless".

235 Bukhaari & Muslim.

236 There are many ahadeeth mentioned further on which prove this.

237 Ibn Abi Shaibah (1/100/1), Ahmad & 'Abdul Ghani al-Maqdisi in his Sunan (9/2) with a saheeh isnaad.

238 Ibn Nasr & Tahaawi with a saheeh isnaad; I take the meaning of the hadeeth as: Make every rak'ah have a complete soorah. The order is one of preference, not compulsion, from the evidence which follows.

239 Ahmad & Abu Ya'laa from two routes. Also see "Recitation in Fajr prayer".

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